Corporate Governance for asset managers
On 8 August 2016, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) launched a peer review on the implementation of the G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance (the Principles).The Principles cover a range of areas, including governance frameworks, disclosure and transparency and responsibilities of the board. The Principles, which were most recently updated in 2015, relate to publically traded financial and non-financial companies and include chapters on ensuring the basis for an effective corporate governance framework and the responsibilities of the board.
The purpose of the peer review is to assess how FSB member jurisdictions have applied these Principles to publicly listed, regulated financial institutions including banks, insurers and asset managers, and to identify good practices as well as any gaps or areas of weakness. Feedback was invited from financial institutions, industry associations and other stakeholders and the review consultation period closed on 9 September 2016. It is expected that the results of the peer review will be published during the course of 2017.
On 18 August 2016, the International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) published a consultation on good practices for the voluntary termination of investment funds. This Consultation Paper sets out proposed good practices for the voluntary terminations of open-ended and closed-ended investment funds. The scope is not limited to retail investment funds as it also addresses issues of relevance to investment funds for professional investors.
The paper looks to increase investor protection, with fifteen good practice recommendations split into the following sections:
The board of IOSCO closed the consultation period on 17 October 2016.
On 25 August 2016, IOSCO published its final report on good practice for fees and expenses of CIS. This paper is aimed at CIS whose shares or units are permitted to be sold to retail investors. It outlines common international examples of good practice in:
This report does not identify all possible regulatory issues concerning the fees and expenses of CIS.
On 12 September 2016, the Central Bank of Ireland (the Central Bank) published the fourteenth edition of its UCITS Q&A., a copy of which is available here. The new questions, which are described in further detail below, primarily focus on umbrella funds cash accounts.
Q&A 1067: clarifies that the Central Bank’s guidance “Umbrella funds cash accounts holding subscription, redemption and dividend monies” does not apply to a segregated account established by an umbrella fund in respect of a sub-fund.
Q&A 1068: confirms that the Central Bank has no objection to the establishment of multiple cash accounts by or on behalf of an umbrella fund, provided that each such umbrella cash account complies with the Central Bank’s guidance “Umbrella funds – cash accounts holding subscription, redemption and dividend monies”.
Q&A 1069: clarifies that it is only permissible to open an umbrella cash account for a single umbrella fund and only the sub-funds of the single umbrella fund may utilise that account. It is possible to open more than one umbrella cash account for a single umbrella fund.
Q&A 1070: notes that the format of the second half yearly accounts, for a UCITS management company/depositary, should follow that of the first half yearly accounts.
Q&A 1071: notes that pursuant to the Central Bank UCITS Regulations, a minimum capital requirement report is only required for the first set of half yearly accounts and annual returns.
Q&A 1071: confirms, in accordance with the Central Bank UCITS Regulations, that half yearly accounts should be submitted within two months of the period end.
Following the Central Bank's thematic review of directors' time commitments in June 2015, the Central Bank issued a letter to all directors on 8 September 2016. The Central Bank has highlighted the need for a further detailed analysis of the sub-funds within a director's portfolio. The Central Bank noted that the amount of time allocated by directors to sub-funds varied significantly from two hours per sub-fund to eleven hours per sub-fund.
The Central Bank considers the responsibilities associated with managing a high numbers of sub-funds to be significant. Therefore, the board should consider the following to ensure a director has the overall time capacity to be an effective director to the sub-funds:
The Central Bank also made reference to individual director professional time commitments. As previously outlined, time commitment in excess of 2,000 hours a year, including commitments to at least twenty fund boards, will mean the individual director will be classed as a high risk of being unable to perform his or her functions to an appropriate standard. The Central Bank will exercise its regulatory and enforcement powers if it finds a director is not fulfilling his or her obligations.
The Central Bank noted in closing that responsibility for compliance with all regulatory obligations and related guidance ultimately rests with the board and individual directors, who are also responsible for ensuring their number of directorships is acceptable and manageable.
On 12 September 2016, the Central Bank published the first edition of the Market Abuse Regulatory Framework Q&A, a copy of which is available to view here. The questions included are outlined below.
On 13 September 2016, the Central Bank issued guidance in relation to information technology and cybersecurity governance and risk management by regulated firms in Ireland. A copy of the guidance is available to view here. The Central Bank has noted that IT related risks are a key concern. The guidance note sets out the supervisory issues identified to date and what steps should be taken to counteract the threat. Guidance has been broken down into four main sections:
The Central Bank notes that the board of directors and the senior management of regulated firms are responsible for IT and cybersecurity governance and risk management. The Central Bank notes that firms should consider the issues outlined in the paper when reviewing their existing IT related governance and risk management arrangements and use this guidance to inform future development of their IT risk management frameworks.
ESMA has published a call for evidence on asset segregation and custody services under the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD) and the Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Directive (UCITS Directive).
ESMA first consulted on asset segregation under AIFMD in December 2014 (Guidelines on asset segregation under AIFMD). At the time, the majority of respondents to ESMA’s initial consultation strongly objected to ESMA’s proposed approach. Given the fact that the UCITS V Directive recently introduced asset segregation requirements which are broadly aligned to AIFMD, ESMA decided to carry out a further consultation. This call for evidence had a broader scope than the initial consultation as it also covered asset segregation rules under the UCITS Directive and well as dealing with any residual uncertainty on how the depositary rules should apply to central securities depositaries.
The consultation closed on 23 September 2016 and ESMA’s aim was to finalise its work on asset segregation by the end of 2016. Responses received to the consultation are available to view here.
UCITS funds may apply a redemption gate where the amount of redemption requests received for anyone dealing day relate to shares representing more than 10% of the net asset value of the UCITS/sub-fund. Previously, redemption requests which were not satisfied due to the application of a redemption gate were carried forward to the next dealing day and dealt with in priority to redemption requests received subsequently.
However, from 1 November 2016, where a UCITS applies a redemption gate, unsatisfied redemption requests may no longer receive priority to subsequent requests and must be dealt with on a pro rata basis. This provision was introduced by the Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) Act 2013 (Section 48(1)) (Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities) Regulations 2015 , subject to a transitional period which ended on 1 November 2016.
The Central Bank clarified, in its feedback statement on CP77, that it is of the view that applying priority to redemption requests which have been subject to a gate, may materially prejudice investors, particularly small investors.
On 14 October 2016, ESMA published final guidelines on sound remuneration policies under UCITS and AIFMD which amend ESMA’s previous guidelines issued under AIFMD (ESMA/2013/232).
The guidelines apply to “identified staff” of management companies and investment companies that have not designated a management company. “Identified staff” include senior management, risk takers, control functions and any employee receiving total remuneration that falls into the remuneration bracket of senior management and risk takers, whose professional activities have a material impact on the management company’s risk profile. The AIFMD amendment relates the application of the remuneration rules in a group context and is intended to acknowledge the potential outreach of the Capital Requirements Directive rules in a banking group.
The guidelines apply from 1 January 2017 across the EU.
On 19 December 2016, the Central Bank of Ireland published the final guidance (the Guidance) for fund management companies on managerial functions, operational issues and procedural matters. The Central Bank also published a feedback statement on Consultation Paper 86 (CP86), third consultation, (the Feedback Statement) which outlines the rationale for the final position taken on certain matters in the Guidance and which also includes new rules for fund management companies on the effective supervision requirement and on the retrievability of records.
This concludes the work of CP86 which has been ongoing since 2014 and comprised three separate consultations which focused, in particular, on Governance, Compliance and Effective Supervision.
Next steps and transitional arrangements are as follows
Central Bank management company guidance
Significantly, the Central Bank has relaxed its original proposed approach which was to require management companies to have at least two thirds of their fund directors based in the EEA. Fund management companies have welcomed the fact that the new location rules, as outlined below, provide more flexibility on the location of directors and designated persons than the Central Bank had previously proposed.
The location rule is summarised as follows:
Where a management company has a PRISM impact rating of Medium Low or above, the management company shall have at least:
Where a management company has a PRISM impact rating of low or above, the management company shall have at least:
Further analysis of the Guidance and Feedback Statement is available here.
If you would like further information, please contact any member of the Financial Services Team.
The material in this update is for information purposes only. Professional legal advice should be sought in relation to any specific matter.